Verbs are words that express action, state or condition.
To conjugate a verb must enumerate the various ways that reflect their different persons, numbers, times and modes.
The PERSON refers to who performs the action of the verb.
The NUMBER determined if the action is executed by a person or more (singular or plural).
To conjugate a verb we used personal pronouns:
The TENSE refers to when the action is executed.
The MODE describes the relationship of the verb with the reality to which it refers.
The verb is formed by the root (raiz) and ending (desinencia) that indicates the tense of the verb.
For example: escribimos. Belongs to the verb escrib-ir whose root is escrib and ending ir, therefore, in the example escrib-imos the ending is imos that indicates the first plural person "nosotros" (we) of the present indicative.
Verbs that at all tenses and person preserve the root (raíz) are called Regulares (Regular) and take the normal ending of the conjugation to which they belong, according to its ending.
Irregular (Irregulares) verbs are called to those that vary the root or ending own regular conjugation to which they belong, or both.
Verbs can be conjugated in the Active Voice (Voz Activa) or Passive Voice (Voz Pasiva).
Are Active Voice when the subject performs the action of the verb.
Are Passive Voice when the subject receives the action of the verb.
In Spanish the passive voice is used very little, for this reason do not see on these pages.
In the table below, shows the correspondence between the names of the tenses of the verbs, according to the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) and the proposal by the grammarian Andrés Bello, that is used in some countries of America.
|Amé||Pret. perfecto simple||Pretérito|
|He amado||Pret. perfecto compuesto||Antepresente|
|Había amado||Pret. pluscuamperfecto||Antecopretérito|
|Hube amado||Pret. anterior||Antepretérito|
|Habré amado||Futuro perfecto||Antefuturo|
|Habría amado||Condicional perfecto||Antepospretérito|
|Amara o amase||Pret. imperfecto||Pretérito|
|Haya amado||Pret. perfecto||Antepresente|
|Hubiera o hubiese amado||Pret. pluscuamperfecto||Antepretérito|
|Hubiere amado||Futuro perfecto||Antefuturo|
The games in the menu will help you to learn Spanish verbs.