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Learn to Conjugate Verbs

Verbs are words that express action, state or condition.
To conjugate a verb must enumerate the various ways that reflect their different persons, numbers, times and modes.

The PERSON refers to who performs the action of the verb.

The NUMBER determined if the action is executed by a person or more (singular or plural).

To conjugate a verb we used personal pronouns:

    Yo, Tú, Él (Ella), Nosotros (as), Vosotros (as) y Ellos (as).
    (I, You, He (She), We, You, They)

The TENSE refers to when the action is executed.

    Presente: (Present) The action takes place at the moment.
    Pretérito: (Past) The action took place in the past. If the action is complete is called Perfecto (Perfect) and Imperfecto (Imperfect) when do not indicate that it is complete.
    Futuro: (Future)The action will take place in the future.
    Condicional: (Conditional) Expresses the action of the verb as possible.

The MODE describes the relationship of the verb with the reality to which it refers.

    Indicativo: (Indicative) When speaking of actual facts or which are certain.
    Subjuntivo: (Subjunctive) Used to talk about something virtual in relation to possible, probable, desirable or feared actions.
    Imperativo: (Imperative) It is used to giving orders, requests or desires.

The verb is formed by the root (raiz) and ending (desinencia) that indicates the tense of the verb.
For example: escribimos. Belongs to the verb escrib-ir whose root is escrib and ending ir, therefore, in the example escrib-imos the ending is imos that indicates the first plural person "nosotros" (we) of the present indicative.

Verbs that at all tenses and person preserve the root (raíz) are called Regulares (Regular) and take the normal ending of the conjugation to which they belong, according to its ending.

    Verbs ending in AR belong to the 1st Conjugation (Conjugación)
    Verbs ending in ER belong to the 2nd Conjugation (Conjugación)
    Verbs ending in IR belong to the 3rd Conjugation (Conjugación)

Irregular (Irregulares) verbs are called to those that vary the root or ending own regular conjugation to which they belong, or both.

Verbs can be conjugated in the Active Voice (Voz Activa) or Passive Voice (Voz Pasiva).
Are Active Voice when the subject performs the action of the verb.
Are Passive Voice when the subject receives the action of the verb.
In Spanish the passive voice is used very little, for this reason do not see on these pages.

In the table below, shows the correspondence between the names of the tenses of the verbs, according to the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) and the proposal by the grammarian Andrés Bello, that is used in some countries of America.

Verbal form
Andrés Bello
AmabaPret. imperfectoCopretérito
AméPret. perfecto simplePretérito
He amadoPret. perfecto compuestoAntepresente
Había amadoPret. pluscuamperfectoAntecopretérito
Hube amadoPret. anteriorAntepretérito
Habré amadoFuturo perfectoAntefuturo
Habría amadoCondicional perfectoAntepospretérito
Amara o amasePret. imperfectoPretérito
Haya amadoPret. perfectoAntepresente
Hubiera o hubiese amadoPret. pluscuamperfectoAntepretérito
Hubiere amadoFuturo perfectoAntefuturo

The Simple past perfect Pretérito Perfecto Simple is also called in some places Pretérito Indefinido.

In these pages, with simple games, will teach the conjugation of the auxiliary and regular verbs in active voice.


The games in the menu will help you to learn Spanish verbs.

Spanish Language