Learn Gentilic Noun

Gentilics are adjectives that determine the place of origin of people or things.

As adjectives, they have gender (male or female) and number (singular or plural). The adjectives gentilics are written in lowercase and can be used as nouns to mention a person known by their place of origin, so you can say correctly:

Juan el sevillano sabe mucho de deportes.
María la valenciana hace unas paellas estupendas.

In general, the gentilic derived from the name of the place, but in some cases using the old name. Hhere are some cities and nations that have more than one gentilic. In games, we used the most commonly in masculine singular.

The formation of gentilic from the name of the place presents many cases, both regular and irregular. In Spanish, the most common regular cases are formed by adding to the name of the place the suffixes: -ano, -és, -ense, -eño, -ino, etc...(more the feminine and plural variants).

Most common examples

castellano, soriano, sevillano.
alavés, gijonés, barcelonés.
ovetense, melillense, almeriense.
extremeño, madrileño, albaceteño.
alicantino, bilbaíno, salmantino.

Below are the names of the 17 Autonomous Communities of Spain. For simplicity in the Tables we will use the masculine singular.

Clicking on each community we will see the gentilics of their Provinces.

Gentilics of the Autonomies of Spain

AutonomieGentilic
Andaluciaandaluz
Aragónaragonés
Principado de Asturiasasturiano
Islas Balearesbalear
Islas Canariascanario
Cantabriacántabro
Castilla La Manchacastellano
Castilla y Leóncastellano
Cataluñacatalán
Extremaduraextremeño
Galiciagallego
La Riojariojano
Comunidad de Madridmadrileño
Región de Murciamurciano
Comunidad Foral de Navarranavarro
País Vascovasco
Comunidad Valencianavalenciano


In the following Tables the Gentilics of Autonomous Cities and Provinces of Spain are shown.

Gentilics of Autonomous Cities

Autonomous CityGentilic
Ceutaceutí
Melillamelillense


Gentilics of Provinces

Andalucia Provinces and Gentilics
Almeríaalmeriense
Cádiz gaditano
Córdobacordobés
Granadagranadino
Huelvaonubense
Jaénjienense
Málagamalagueño
Sevillasevillano


Aragón Provinces and Gentilics
Huescaoscense
Teruel turolense
Zaragozazaragozano


Asturias Provinces and Gentilics
Asturiasasturiano


Baleares Provinces and Gentilics
Balearesbalear

See the Gentilics of the Islands of the Balearic Archipelago


Canarias Provinces and Gentilics
Santa Cruz de Tenerifetinerfeño
Las Palmaspalmense

See the Gentilics of the Islands of the Canarian Archipelago


Cantabria Provinces and Gentilics
Santandersantanderino


Castilla La Mancha Provinces and Gentilics
Albacetealbaceteño
Ciudad Realciudadrealeño
Cuencaconquense
Guadalajaraguadalajareño
Toledotoledano


Castilla y León Provinces and Gentilics
Ávilaabulense
Burgosburgalés
Leónleonés
Palenciapalentino
Salamancasalmantino
Segoviasegoviano
Soriasoriano
Valladolidvallisoletano
Zamorazamorano


Cataluña Provinces and Gentilics
Barcelonabarcelonés
Geronagerundense
Léridaleridano
Tarragonatarraconense


Extremadura Provinces and Gentilics
Badajozpacense
Cácerescacereño


Galicia Provinces and Gentilics
La Coruñacoruñés
Lugolucense
Orenseorensano
Pontevedrapontevedrés


La Rioja Provinces and Gentilics
La Riojariojano


Madrid Provinces and Gentilics
Madridmadrileño


Murcia Provinces and Gentilics
Murciamurciano


Navarra Provinces and Gentilics
Navarranavarro


País Vasco Provinces and Gentilics
Álavaalavés
Guipúzcoaguipuzcoano
Vizcayavizcaino


Valencia Provinces and Gentilics
Alicantealicantino
Castellóncastellonense
Valenciavalenciano


The names of the Capitals of Province usually coincide with the name of the Province, so their gentilic is the same, but there are some exceptions. The following table shows the gentilics of the Capitals whose name does not match that of the Province.

Capitals with a name different from that of the Province and its Gentilics

Capital (Province)Gentilic
Vitoria (Álava)vitoriense
San Sebastián (Guipúzcoa)donostiarra
Bilbao (Vizcaya)bilbaino
Pamplona (Navarra)pamplonés
Logroño (La Rioja)logroñés
Santiago de Compostela (Galicia)compostelano
Mérida (Extremadura)emeritense
Oviedo (Asturias)ovetense
Palma de Mallorca (Baleares)mallorquín


Below are the Gentilics of the Balearic and Canarian archipelagos.

Gentilics of the Balearic Archipelago

IslandGentilic
Mallorcamallorquín
Menorcamenorquín
Ibizaibicenco
Formenteraformenterano
Cabreracaprariense


Gentilics of the Canarian Archipelago

IslandGentilic
Tenerifetinerfeño
La Gomeragomero
La Palmapalmero
El Hierroherreño
Gran Canariagrancanario
Fuerteventuramajorero
Lanzarotelanzaroteño


Below are more irregular gentilics, who in their formation do not follow the general rules.

Irregular Gentilics

CityGentilic
Andujar (Jaén)iliturgitano
Aranjuez (Madrid)arancetano
Betanzos (La Coruña)brigantino
Cabra (Córdoba)egabrense
Calahorra (La Rioja)calagurritano
Calatayud (Zaragoza)bilbilitano
Ciudad Rodrigo (Salamanca)mirobrigense
Elche (Alicante)ilicitano
Martos (Jaén)tuccitano
Morella (Castellón)bisgargitano
Orihuela (Alicante)orcelitano
Ronda (Málaga)arundense